Approved Pesticide List
What is a pesticide?
A pesticide is a chemical or biological agent that deters, incapacitates, kills or otherwise discourages pests.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests or weeds and include all of the following: herbicides, insecticides, insect growth regulators, nematicides, termiticides, molluscicides, piscicides, avicides, nrodenticides, predacides, bactericides, insect repellents, animal repellents, antimicrobials, fungicides, disinfectants (antimicrobial), and sanitisers.
Target pests can include insects, plant pathogens, weeds, molluscs, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes (roundworms) and microbes that destroy property, cause nuisance, spread disease, or are disease vectors i.e. they carry and transmit an infectious pathogen on or into another living organism.
The most common of these are herbicides, accounting for approximately 80% of all pesticide use.
Most pesticides are intended to serve as plant protection (also known as crop protection),against the above-mentioned pests.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has defined a pesticide as:
“any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or controlling any pest, including vectors of human or animal disease, unwanted species of plants or animals, causing harm during or otherwise interfering with the production, processing, storage, transport, or marketing of food, agricultural commodities, wood and wood products or animal feedstuffs, or substances that may be administered to animals for the control of insects, arachnids, or other pests in or on their bodies. The term includes substances intended for use as a plant growth regulator, defoliant, desiccant, or agent for thinning fruit or preventing the premature fall of fruit. Also used as substances applied to crops either before or after harvest to protect the commodity from deterioration during storage and transport”.
Why we have split plantations and nurseries?
In commercial forestry, the same tree species are grown in the nursery as are grown out in field. However, different environmental conditions and intensification of the growing system could result in a different suite of pests in a nursery environment but not among timber plantations.
Due to the higher temperatures and relative humidities in the nursery environment, there is a greater chance of fungal outbreaks. For this reason, fungicides would be used in a nursery but not in-field.
In South Africa, our legislation is quite strict with regard to the registration of pesticides. In the Approved List you will find icons, denoting commercial plantation, conservation areas, and nurseries. These indicate the areas where the pesticides are registered to be used and can only be lawfully used.
All information provided in the APL was correct at time of publishing. The information has passed all TIPWG checks and conforms to other certifications’ policies, where necessary, for South African plantations and nurseries. All products appearing on the APL are registered under the Fertilizers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act 36 of 1947 and have an L number.
Please note that the TIPWG APL is recommended for use in the Industry as the BOP based on South African legislation and Certification bodies requirements. Companies may have their own APL and these will need to adhered to within the company and / or on the company’s land holdings.
Additional Graphics: Forestry, (used for ‘in the plantation’), by iconsphere; Bulrushes, (used for ‘in conservation areas’), by Nikita Kozin; Protect Seedling, (used for ‘in nurseries’) by Chris Homan from the Noun Project. www.thenounproject.com